Hailed as the most iconic Run Event of the year, Expo 2020 Dubai Run 3 was the last opportunity to be a part of one of the landmark events of this era. Never to be left behind, CSS marked our support with the enthusiastic participation of our athletic and agile employees – Emson Tomy (Sales Coordinator), Edhu Krishnan (Sales Coordinator), Ranjith Haridas (Sales Manager-NVOCC), and Shabas CP (BDM-NVOCC).

Expo 2020 Dubai Run 3 lowered the curtain on the hugely successful sporting series on March 26th, which started with Runs 1 and 2.

Resilience in the Face of Challenges

The Dubai Expo 2020 was the biggest event ever held in the Arab world. The event displayed massive resilience in the face of unprecedented challenges. With 192 countries coming together to showcase their nation’s best, Expo 2020 has proved to be an unparalleled amalgam of cultural, educational, and entertainment experiences, attracting nearly 3 million visitors since its launch on October 1st, 2021 successfully completing on March 31st, 2022

A Run for the People and the Planet

The March 20-26 Run was a part of the Programme for People and Planet, which seeks to explore humanity’s challenges and opportunities. 26th March 2022 was the final part of the trilogy for all abilities. In this spirit of optimism, more than 15,000 runners came together for the Expo 2020 Dubai Run 3. This Fun Run series was designed to promote active communities and a healthy lifestyle, attracting runners of all abilities and nationalities.

With the run beginning at 7 am, it was the fastest way to see the whole world in one place, taking in the best of the Expo 2020. The amazing route mapped for the runners went past the international pavilions, the stunning architecture of the Expo’s magnificence in the Sustainability, Mobility, and Opportunity Districts, and finally, the incredible Al Wasl Dome.

The event offered three race lengths to its participants -three km, five km, or ten km. The Minister of Sports of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Georges Engel, joined runners in the Expo 2020 Dubai Run 3 in the morning. He also gave away prizes for winners of the 3, 5, or 10 km fun run. The third and final run of the successful community running series was a unique sporting event. The first two community runs also had resounding success, and Expo 2020 Run 3 was the grand finale of this epic Fun Run series.

The able CSS contingent participated in the 10 km course. All the CSS participants completed the 10 km course. “Finishing a marathon isn’t just an athletic achievement. It is a state of mind that says Anything is Possible!” said John Hanc, the author of “The Coolest Race on Earth”.

We want to commend the CSS runners for their stamina and grit and display sportsmanship spirit.

Bravo Emson, Edhu, Ranjith and Shabas!


From its inception, the Dubai International Financial Centre (the “DIFC”) intended to establish an example for regional dispute resolution. In addition to the now well-known DIFC Courts, an arbitration Centre was created to provide alternative dispute resolution services (i.e., Arbitration and Mediation as “ADR”) for local and foreign businesses in the region. In 2008 the DIFC negotiated an agreement with the LCIA pursuant to which arbitrations under DIFC-LCIA Rules would be managed and administered with LCIA’s assistance.css

To deal with the alleged jurisdictional issues, Dubai Law 7 of 2014 was passed to amend Dubai Law 9 of 2004, the founding law of the DIFC. Pursuant to the Amended Law, the DIFC Dispute Resolution Authority (the “DRA”) was created, which comprises the DIFC Courts, the Academy of Law, the DIFC Wills, and Probate Registry, and the DIFC Arbitration Institute (“DAI”).

In November 2015, DAI entered into agreements with LCIA to manage and administer arbitrations in which the parties had selected DIFC-LCIA Rules, leading to the re-launch of DIFC-LCIA. However, on 14 September 2021, The Ruler of Dubai issued Decree No. 34 of 2021 (the “Decree”), accompanied by the Statute of Dubai International Arbitration Centre (the “Statute”). The decree came into effect on 20 September 2021 (the “Effective Date”) and took many within the dispute resolution community by surprise as it introduced fundamental amendments to the arbitration framework in the Emirate of Dubai, including the offshore free zone commonly known as the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC). Wherein, the same abolishes both the: (i) Emirates Maritime Arbitration Centre and; (ii) DIFC’s Arbitration Institute (DAI) (collectively the “Abolished Centres”); and provides:

  • for the Dubai International Arbitration Centre (“DIAC”) to assume the rights and obligations of the Abolished Centres and, after that administer cases; and
  • Lays down key details relating to the objectives, scope, and organization of DIAC.

From the Effective Date, the following (in respect of each Abolished Centre) shall be transferred to DIAC:

  • ownership of properties, movables, assets, devices, equipment, and funds;
  • employees (subject to a decision by the DIAC Board Chairman);
  • financial allocation designated to the Abolished Centres by the Government of Dubai; and
  • The Abolished Centre’s arbitrators, conciliators, and experts list.

In view of the above, the main concerns are as follows:

Impact on the maritime sector

DIFC’s Arbitration Institute was the administering body of the DIFC-LCIA Arbitration Centre. DIFC-LCIA Arbitration Rules are similar to LCIA rules, and this was a convenient option available to the parties in the maritime sector resorting to arbitration in their agreements.

This move certainly has repercussions in the UAE Maritime sector as EMAC was considered a specialized centre created for dealing with maritime disputes predominately. Though the decree ensures that the experts of EMAC will be retained, this decision has created much confusion and a lack of confidence in the maritime sector of UAE. Unlike the US, India, London, etc., UAE lacks an Admiralty Court.

Validity of existing arbitration agreements:

All agreements entered into before the Effective Date that refers to dispute resolution through an Abolished Centre’s regulations shall be deemed valid and effective unless otherwise agreed by the parties to such an agreement. In such circumstances, DIAC shall replace the Abolished Centres in considering and determining disputes. With regard to any agreement entered into after the Effective Date providing for the jurisdiction of an Abolished Centre will not be valid.

Competent Courts:

Dubai Courts and DIFC Courts will continue to consider cases, requests, and challenges relating to any arbitration award or procedure issued by arbitral tribunals within DIAC and the Abolished Centers, in accordance with their respective procedures and standards.

Default Seat

Pursuant to the Statute, the Dubai International Financial Centre shall be designated as the default seat of DIAC arbitration proceedings except where the parties do not agree to a seat or place of arbitration pursuant to their arbitration agreement or otherwise.

Transition Period

The decree provides DIAC with six months from the Effective Date to coordinate with all concerned entities and give effect to the transition set forth in the Decree and the Statute.

Described as aggressive yet progressive, the decree has taken the masses by surprise, and it is for the parties to take immediate action on any references in existing standard terms and conditions or existing and/or new contracts that are being currently negotiated that provide for arbitration in an Abolished Centre should be urgently reviewed and revised.

It is also expected for DIAC to issue new arbitration rules, form a new arbitration court similar to that of the ICC International Court of Arbitration, and a new board and a new administering body.


Hosting the World Expo is the most ambitious project for the UAE. The event is also at the heart of the UAE’s plans for diversifying its economy away from Oil. Expo 2020 is special as it is the first with so many countries represented physically and digitally. Dubai is now the melting pot of the world. The Expo 2020 also represents the unique opportunity to experience the post-pandemic world.

Dubai Gearing Up for Expo 2020
Held every five years, the World Expo exhibitions see hundreds of countries using pavilions to show off the latest in architecture and technology. Before the pandemic forced the event to be postponed, organisers had expected 25 million visits during the course of the six-month international fair. It will now run from 1 October to 31 March 2022.

However, despite restrictions on travel, and the recent lockdowns in some parts of Europe, Reem Al-Hashimi, Managing Director general of the Expo 2020, expects a crowd turnout to match the pre-pandemic expectations. She says, “The world has gone through these galactical shifts over the last year but now with vaccines being rolled out, we believe that situation will settle by October, and that the situation will be far more positive by then.”

An Optimistic Outlook
It is an optimistic forecast for an event that relies on tourism, when most of the world has cutdown on international travel. But the various in-person conferences and trade shows held in the city over the last few months has made organisers more hopeful.

Expo 2020 is being billed as the biggest event to be held in the Arab world. For the UAE, the showpiece event comes at a time when it is trying to recover from one of its worst recessions in five decades. Last year, the economy contracted by 6.6% even as the government announced a series of reforms to attract investment and help businesses. Some of those steps have started to show results with the International Monetary Fund upgrading the growth outlook for the UAE to 3.1% for 2021.

The authorities are pinning their hopes on the World Expo to attract tourists in large numbers that would help accelerate economic recovery. Billions of dollars have been poured into the project since the UAE won the bid to organize the international fair in 2013.

Dubai World Expo: Key Facts

  • More than 190 countries are taking part, in the first such event to be held in the Middle East
  • These countries will participate in the Expo – showcasing innovations around the themes of sustainability, mobility and opportunity.
  • The Expo 2020 is expected to boost Dubai’s economy by $33bn (£24bn) and to create up to 300,000 jobs
  • The site covers 4.3sq km, or 613 football pitches, and the Expo site will have its own metro station
  • Uber is said to be testing flying cars during the event
  • Some 90% of the materials used in construction will then be used to create permanent buildings afterwards
  • The spectacle is particularly crucial for the Middle East’s financial hub – Dubai – as its economic model relies heavily on sectors that are driven by consumer spending, like hospitality, luxury retail and travel.

While most experts think it might be a challenge to achieve 25 million visits, there is a broad consensus that the millions who will attend the event will certainly have a significant impact on the economy. “Even if the event is partially successful it has the potential of reviving the economy and taking it back to the pre-pandemic levels,” says Scott Livermore, chief economist for the Middle East at Oxford Economics.

In February, the Tokyo 2020 (Olympics) committee announced that they would go ahead with the event in July regardless of the how Covid-19 situation evolves. Like the Japanese, the Expo 2020 organisers also had no plans of postponing or cancelling the event. “We are applying all the necessary safety measures as mandated by the WHO and following other best practices to allow the event to take place in a safe environment,” says Ms Al-Hashimi.

She also adds that there is a need for people to converge to discuss the next steps to tackle global challenges like the Covid-19 pandemic, and the Expo offers that platform. Dubai also has been one of the few cities to keep its economy open since July last year when most of the world was under lockdown.

Covid -19 Precautions
Despite the recent wave, the UAE has managed to roll out the vaccines at a rapid pace, with more than 75% of the population inoculated. The UAE aims to be one of the first countries to vaccinate most of its population and return to complete normality. This would also help in positioning it as a safe tourist destination. With UAE reaching the status as being the most vaccinated country, the organisers are hoping for the large turnout for the event.

“If the UAE is able to achieve herd immunity, then that would be a big positive for the Expo as it would be able to attract many more tourists, especially during the second half of the event,” says Mr. Livermore.

Role of Expo 2020
Mega-event Expo 2020 offers an international meeting point to not only 190-plus participating countries but also businesses, multilateral organisations and educational institutions. To catalyse entrepreneurial partnerships, Expo 2020’s official business integrator partner Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry has launched an introductory video series featuring the expectations of UAE business leaders titled ‘En Route To The Expo.’

Dubai Chamber of Commerce & Industry, A Catalyst for Cross-Border Partnerships
“Expo 2020 and DCCI are rallying the local and international business community to connect, network and together find cutting-edge solutions to encourage global partnerships and FDI flows in a post-pandemic world,” says Marjan Faraidooni, Chief Experience Officer of Expo 2020 Dubai.

She highlights the rota of business programming planned by the DCCI, which includes a series of thematic business forums designed and curated together with participating countries and partners that discuss challenges as well as opportunities for both the local and global business communities.

“The Chamber is also bringing on board three of its flagship global business forums – the Global Business Forum Africa, Global Business Forum ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) and Global Business Forum Latin America,” adds Faraidooni.

Dubai Businesses to Reap Economic Benefits
Hassan Al Hashemi, Vice President of International Relations at the DCCI, says that business in Dubai is set to undergo a quantum leap with the city hosting Expo 2020, adding that the mega-event will highlight the economic potential of the UAE and other markets of opportunity.

As the official business partner to Expo 2020, the DCCI will play a pivotal role in creating new connections and fostering cross-border collaboration. The Chamber will provide an ideal platform for UAE companies and their international counterparts to network at its dedicated on-site facility at Expo 2020. In addition, it will host and support several high-profile events during the mega event, which aim to expand Dubai’s economic cooperation with promising markets around the world,” Al Hashemi added.

In a post-pandemic era, Expo 2020 will become a prime example of how major international forums can be held safely and successfully. “It will be the first major global event that uses technology and a hybrid format to navigate the obstacles presented by a situation that is unprecedented in modern times,” says Al Hashemi. “Dubai Chamber of Commerce & Industry is fully committed to ensuring that business functions run smoothly at Expo 2020.”

The non-profit public entity will play an essential role in catalysing partnerships for the global business community throughout the six-month event.


His Highness Sheikh Theyab bin Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Chairman of the Abu Dhabi Crown Prince’s Court and Chairman of Etihad Rail, inaugurated the track laying at the railhead in Saih Shuaib, towards Abu Dhabi and Dubai.

Supervision Trip by H.H. Sheikh Theyab bin Mohamed
The new tracks are on time on the schedule for delivery. As part of the UAE National Rail Network development, this is one of the largest infrastructure projects in the nation. H.H. Sheikh Theyab bin Mohamed undertook the supervision and construction works from the starting point of track laying in Saih Shuaib towards Abu Dhabi and Dubai. He took the trip aboard an inspection train designated for supervision and inspection of construction works.

The trip also encompassed the 10-kilometer journey reaching Al Maha Forest. His Highness was informed in detail about Etihad Rail’s procedures and measures to protect the natural habitat and wildlife during the implementation of the project within the forest, including the development of bridges, culverts, and animal crossings.

Under His Highness’ diligent inspection, he noted that the nation’s wise leadership is precious for the development of Stage Two. He also placed on record the invaluable support offered by the local and federal government stakeholders as the company continues to support the developmental goals of the UAE, including those set for the next fifty years.

Strategically Important Project
This project is of strategic importance to the UAE and can revolutionize the UAE’s transport sector. Theyab bin Mohamed stressed that the network forms a vital part of the UAE’s world-class integrated transport ecosystem, strengthening the UAE’s global leading position in the provision of quality transport infrastructure.

Theyab bin Mohamed further accentuated the project’s role in supporting the UAE’s economic growth, connecting key ports with production and manufacturing points and population, which will positively affect the lives of citizens and residents in the country.

The network is significant in providing a modern and sustainable national rail network, bolstering the UAE’s leading regional standing.

During the visit, Theyab bin Mohamed said that the carefully considered and diligent scrutiny of our wise leadership bolsters the UAE’s regional and international positioning.


cssSitting in the Commercial Court division of the High Court of England & Wales, Andrew Baker J aptly stated, “From time to time, a case provides the opportunity to resolve a long-standing uncertainty on the point of law of significance in a particular field of commerce.” The Eternal Bliss is certainly such a case.

In the case of K Line Pte Ltd v Priminds Shipping (HK) Co Ltd – The Eternal Bliss, where the ship (Owned/operated by K Line) on voyage charter under (Priminds Shipping) was delayed at the discharge port in China for 31 days due to alleged congestion or possibly lack of storage space ashore for the cargo of soybeans, due to which, the condition of the cargo deteriorated.

K-Line settled the receivers’ and their insurers’ claims at a total cost of about U$1.1 million and commenced proceedings against Priminds (Charterers) seeking indemnity in respect of that cost and for failure to discharge the subject cargo at the rate (within contractual laytime).

It is well-established that demurrage is by nature liquidated damages for failing to discharge at the required rate, but in that respect what does demurrage, calculated in accordance with the voyage charter, fix or limit the owner’s recovery?

In Reidar v Arcos1 and Suisse Atlantique2, it was held that, if damages in addition to demurrage are to be recovered, it is necessary to show a breach of a separate obligation as well as damage of a different kind from delay in the completion of the loading and discharging operation. However, Andrew Baker J held that it is unnecessary to prove a separate breach to recover damages in addition to the detention of the ship, i.e. demurrage and quoted “Agreeing a demurrage rate gives an agreed quantification of the owner’s loss of use of the ship to earn freight by further employment in respect of delay to the ship after the expiry of laytime, nothing more. Where such delay occurs, the demurrage rate provides an agreed measure by which the parties are bound for the owner’s claim for damages for detention, but it does not seek to measure or therefore touch any claim for different kinds of loss [emphasis added], whatever the basis for any such claim.”

The judgment by Andrew Baker J contains a forensic analysis of the cases and legal commentary on the issue, and in summary, held that “demurrage is not and/ or should not be the exclusive compensation where failure to load within the contractual laytime has consequences other than the detention of the ship,” and therefore, where a ship-owner has suffered a different type of loss arising from a failure to load or discharge the vessel within laytime (such as cargo claim liabilities) there should be no need for the owner to establish a separate and independent breach of contract to recover damages in addition to demurrage.

The decision has brought some delight to vessel owners, but it has yet to be determined since the Charterers have been granted permission to appeal to the Court of Appeal.



The World Logistics Passport is a path-breaking development in the Logistics sector. This is a global freight loyalty program that has been launched by the Dubai Ruler HH Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum under the directives of the Vice President and Prime Minister of UAE.

The program was launched at the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2020. With four continents and 11 countries adopting the program, it further strengthens Dubai’s position as a strategic trade hub for emerging markets. The program links Customs World, DP World, and Emirates Group, thus improving connectivity through Dubai. The WLP reinforces Dubai’sDubai’s growing status as a major global hub for multi-modal trade.

Speaking on the success of the program, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum said, “The World Logistics Passport is yet another major initiative that reflects the UAE’s vision to shape a brighter future for our world through programs that foster global trade cooperation. In just one year, we have taken the WLP from vision to reality, bringing together several leading nations, logistics partners, and multinational corporations in a close alliance focused on trade growth. The WLP demonstrates once again the UAE’s keenness to work together with other nations to enhance prosperity and expand growth opportunities for businesses at a time when global markets are seeking to renew their momentum for growth.

The World Logistics Passport program offers numerous benefits, including:

  • In return for increased trade, the traders and freight forwarders get to access benefits in each of the trade hubs
  • Several businesses get the chance to diversify into new markets like Latin America, South Asia, and Africa
  • High performing business get several operational and financial benefits
  • In the uncertain times of the pandemic, the Government is assured of competitiveness and economic resilience
  • The WLP promises the creation of jobs and enhanced investment
  • The program helps in the utilization of financial and non-financial benefits for increased trade volumes by members
  • The WLP allows firms to remain internationally competitive by reducing costs and increasing the efficiency of the logistics value chain.
  • The WLP Digital Platform taps into a global network of more than 30 partners in 12 hub countries, thus unlocking opportunities that provide access to 20% of the world trade
  • The program has top organizations like UPS, Pfizer, Sony, Johnson & Johnson, and LG as its registered members
  • The platform creates opportunities for businesses to improve existing trade routes and develop new ones.

Thailand, India, Indonesia, Brazil, Colombia, and South Africa have become a part of the World Logistics Passport. Colombia, Senegal, Kazakhstan, Brazil, and Uruguay have already joined the initiative, aiming to handle a sizable portion of future global trade, with Dubai playing the hub point.

As the President of the Dubai Civil Aviation Authority, H.H Sheikh Ahmed Bin Saeed Al Maktoum (Chairman and CEO of Emirates Group and Chair of the World Logistics Passport-Global Steering Group) states “We are very proud that Dubai has been at the center of this exciting and novel initiative.

The CEO of the World Logistics Passport – Mike Bhaskaran, states, “Our study has shown that traders were most concerned about the availability of information and experience in local demand and overseas regulation. Furthermore, 68% of respondents reported that they face issues connected with the complexity of clearance processes of goods. We are confident that the World Logistics Passport will tackle issues of traders, increase and enable entry to new markets- by connecting traders to local entities (benefit providers) and help overcome key obstacles to doing business in other markets“. The WLP is counted as the world’s first logistics loyalty program for freight forwarders and traders, incentivizing increased trade through more efficient and cheaper trade processes.


cssAs we have noticed in the past few months, there have been legal deliberations and discussion on clauses in agreements that most or us take for granted; these clauses are commonllycategorised as general clauses. However, the last one year has taught us that we are living in a time where situations are changing rapidly, whilst we coping with adaption to a new normal. In the midst of all the chaos and confusion caused by COVID-19, the event of the mega container vessel “Ever Given” lodging herself in the Suez Canal, has also shifted the focus on the legal implication and effect of a tiny clause on “general average” embedded in the Bill of Lading. Through this article, we shall have an insight into this clause without getting entangled in the legal nitty-gritty of the current event, which has trigged discussions in this area.

According to Black’s Law Dictionary “general average” is defined as “Average resulting from an intentional partial sacrifice of ship or cargo to avoid total loss. The liability is shared by all parties who had an interest in the average.” In layman’s terms, general average is a legal principle of Maritime Law under which, all parties who are involved in the voyage, are asked to proportionally share the losses resulting from sacrifice made during the voyage. That being said, general average can only be invoked when certain extraordinary sacrifices are made, or expenses incurred to avert a peril that threatens the entire voyage. In such cases the party sustaining the loss confers a common benefit on all the parties to the maritime ventures. Here the party suffering the loss, apart from contract or tort has a right to claim contribution from all participating in the venture.

The doctrine of general average is of ancient origin based on the principle of equity and can be traced back to Rhodian Sea Law, which was a body of regulations governing commercial trade and navigation in the Mediterranean Sea during 800-600 BC. A part of the law dealt with, jettison which is a rule of maritime law which exists today under the name “general average”. The Rhodian Sea Law was subsequently adopted by Roman jurisprudence which influenced the rule making activities by all parties involved in long distance sea transport which rolled into the Middle Ages. In the 13th and 14th centuries, Byzantine sea commerce dwindled, and eventually the law became obsolete. The practice of general average was later, formally adopted by the global shipping community under what is known as the York-Antwerp rules 1890. The rules are part of generally accepted maritime insurance principles that undergo regular amendment, the most recent being in 2016.

The York-Antwerp rules sets the guidelines regarding sacrifices and/or expenditures that can be included for general average contribution and which cannot be included. As per general average, each party will pay the same percentage of amount that they have saved. The process however is much more complicated than we can image, as some parties may be shipping cargo or low value like scrap material, while others more expensive cargo like high class furniture or luxury vehicles etc. Hence without defined set of rules cargo interest may not be willing to bear the blunt let alone to share voyage, fuel cost or crew wages and the like. This is where the York-Antwerp rule come into play.

As per the Rule of Interpretation under the York-Antwerp Rules 2016, except as provided by the Rule Paramount and the numbered Rules, general average shall be adjusted according to the lettered Rules.

Let us therefore look as what are these so called Rule Paramount, the Lettered Rules and the Numbered Rules..

Rule Paramount – In no case shall there be any allowance for sacrifice or expenditure unless reasonably made or incurred.

Apart from this Rule the other Rules are categorised alphabetically from Rule A to Rule G these pertain mainly to general guidelines on what can be construed as general average; while the numerical rules i.e. Rule I to Rule XXIII are based on specific circumstances, sacrifices that can be made and expenditure sharing that can be included as general average.

Alphabetic/ Lettered Rules for basic understanding
Rule A, for instance prescribes the characteristics and extent to which general average will apply, stating in brief that, the expenditure or sacrifice needs to be extraordinary, the act must be intentional and for common safety and that there must be a peril.
Rule B states that the nature of operation undertaken, must be commercial, with the measures taken to preserve the cargo and vessel or to prevent the peril.
Rule C enumerates that only losses, damages or expenses, which are the direct consequence of the general average act, shall be allowed as general average, while stating what is not included, like, damage to the environment, damage or loss on account of delay etc.
Rule D says that the right to contribute to the general average, is not affected by the onus on the party who has or has not defaulted, hence all parties have to contribute to the general average.
Rule E the onus of proof is upon the party claiming general average; the issuance of notice for general average to all parties and to the average adjuster, limitation etc.
Rule F expenses and extent to be included in general average.
Rule G that general average is to be adjusted in relation to loss and contribution on values at the time and place when the common maritime adventure ends and the proportions

Numeric/Numbered Rules, randomly selected for comprehension
Rule I – Jettison of cargo when permitted
Rule VI – Salvage Remuneration
Rule X – Expenses at Port of Refuge etc.
Rule XI – Wages and Maintenance of Crew and Other Expenses Putting in to and at a Port of Refuge, etc
Rule XIII – Deductions from Cost of Repairs
Rule XVI – Amount to be Allowed for Cargo Lost or Damaged by Sacrifice
Rule XIX – Undeclared or Wrongfully Declared Cargo
Rule XXIII – Time Bar for Contributing to General Average

The York-Antwerp rules and principle of general average have legal force only if these are included in the bill of lading or charter party agreement.

General Average declaration and its impact mainly on cargo interests
Usually once general average is declared an average adjuster is appointed, whose duty it is to collect all the information in relation to the cargo and make a statement of general average contribution of each party, collect general average security from each party and assist in impartial and effective settlement of the general average.

The general average clause is seen on most carrier’s bills of lading which binds all interested in the cargo, carried by the vessel. General average losses are commonly included in standard marine insurance policies, hence it is firstly pertinent for the cargo owners and those interested in the cargo, to ensure that they have appropriate marine insurance cover, for their goods on board. A declaration of general average can put the owner of uninsured cargo in jeopardy and the cargo could be lost/forfeited, as the vessel owner, as per the clauses in the bill of lading may be in a position to exercise lien over the cargo till the general average contribution is paid.

Thanks to the York-Antwerp rules, the owner of the cargo, is not burdened with a huge liability and is only required to pay an amount proportionate to the value of the cargo that has been saved. Here it is the vessel owner who will need to bear the major chunk of the contribution towards the general average, as the costliest asset saved, is the vessel itself, in most cases. For instance, a ship owner may have to contribute upto 60% of the general average cost, leaving the remaining 40% to be divided amongst cargo owners, depending on the value of their cargo. This principle takes care of the small cargo or single container owners, in relation to owners having multiple containers or huge or expensive cargo, on the vessel.

Though the cargo owners need not pay their share, before they collect their cargoes, they need to provide a general average guarantee, mainly through their cargo insurers, or if they do not have any insurance, in the form of a bank guarantee or a bond or a cash deposit to cover their contribution. The general average contribution, will be adjusted subsequently, by general average adjusters, which could take a couple of month to years, depending on the number of cargo interests involved. Despite there being an option to dispute or contest the general average contribution, this is rarely challenged in court, by the cargo owners, primarily due to legal complexity, time, money and effort involved.

To conclude, we need to pay careful attention to all clauses on the reverse side of the bill of lading, taking into account the liability that we may be exposed to, whilst verifying if the insurance cover is adequate. The York-Antwerp rules come as a consolation when general average is invoked, but we need to examine if there could be a better alternative to general average, given its complexity, expense and the time consumed, in finally settling the matter.


Dubai launched the “Dubai Cyber Index” in July 2020. Developed by the Dubai Electronic Security Center (DESC), this initiative aims to support the efforts of the Dubai Government to ensure the highest cybersecurity standards, thereby paving the way for a safe cyberspace. The first initiative of its kind in the world was launched by the Crown Prince of Dubai and Chairman of the Executive Council of Dubai – Sheikh Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum.
This initiative highlights Dubai leadership’s keenness to launch projects and initiatives that enhance the Emirate’s position as a global leader in innovation, safety, and security, intending to position it as an international role model for cybersecurity. It aims to create a strong foundation for a free, safe, and resilient online world for both individual users and organizations as well as keen on promoting healthy competition among government entities in the field of cybersecurity, encouraging excellence and in the process driving rapid technological progress and digital transformation.
Major General Talal Humaid Belhoul Al Falasi, Chairman of the Dubai Electronic Center, says, “Dubai continues to reinforce its leadership in the digital and cyber sector by consolidating the efforts of all government and private institutions and individuals to provide secure cyberspace. It also seeks to make Dubai the most electronically secure city in the world. The Index will measure the progress and readiness of the government entities to assess cyber risks and deter threats”.

Aim of the Index

The Dubai Cyber Security Strategy launched in 2017, ensures high security commensurate with the technological advancements and transformations and preparedness to deal with challenges and risks that crop up during such a massive transformation. “The Dubai Cyber Index will further raise the security and safety standards of Dubai’s electronic infrastructure. This is particularly important as the world we live in is characterized by a constantly evolving communication technology landscape and is increasingly dependent on advanced technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, the Internet of Things, and Big Data. It is critical to creating a robust supportive framework to ensure the security and safety of information systems,” said Al Falasi.

The DESC monitors government entities to ensure compliance with its Information Security requirements and effective and secure communication networks and information systems, thus setting up the highest benchmark of cybersecurity in the Emirate. They are also well versed in supporting entities in setting up specialized security operation centers and utilizing advanced Artificial Intelligence technologies and Big Data analysis to anticipate potential cyber threats.


A part of the leadership’s vision to promote the UAE’s sustainable development, “Route 2020 Project” is a part of Roads and Transport Authority’s (RTA) master plan to provide integrated multi-modal mass transit systems comprising metros, tram, buses, and marine transport.

Focused on building a globally benchmarked infrastructure and services, it aims to meet UAE’s aspirations themed “Towards the Next 50 Years”. Inaugurated by H.H Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President, Prime Minister, and Ruler of Dubai by unveiling an artwork inspired by the phrase “I believe in God” written in Arabic and taken from His Highness poem “The Beginning of the Fifty”, the ceremony was attended by H.H Sheikh Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Crown Prince of Dubai, H.H Sheikh Maktoum Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai, H.H Sheikh Ahmed Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, President of the Dubai Civil Aviation Authority and CEO and Chairman of the Emirates Group, H.H Sheikh Ahmed Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Chairman of Dubai Media Council.

“The UAE has exceptional goals and ambitions. Today we are moving with confidence, determination, and a clear vision to attain the highest levels of excellence in various fields. Our objective is to provide people with everything that ensures their well-being, stability, and happiness and establishes a prosperous future for the coming generations. The world is entering a phase that brings unprecedented challenges that some may not be prepared to deal with. However, we have a strategy designed to tide over unforeseen challenges and create a positive future. Our nation is equipped with the plans, competencies, and expertise needed to navigate these challenging global circumstances. We can overcome all obstacles while sustaining our progress and generating new opportunities,” said Sheikh Mohammed.

The AED11 billion Route 2020 project links seven stations and is a 15 km extension of the Dubai Metro Red Line from Jebel Ali Station to Expo 2020 Station and is scheduled to open to the public in September this year.

The brainchild of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Dubai Metro, and Route 2020 reflects His Highness’ belief that the superior Metro infrastructure system serves as the backbone of transit systems connecting the key areas of Dubai.

Route 2020 has 46,000 riders per hour in both directions (23,000 riders per hour per direction). RTA’s studies expect the number of riders using Route 2020 to reach 125,000 per day in 2021, and 275,000 riders per day by 2030.

The Expo 2020 Station is expected to record about 35,000 Expo visitors during weekdays and increase to 47,000 during weekends. This number accounts for 29% of the total expected number of daily visitors of the Expo”, explained Al Tayer. The new project aims at creating a vital future link between several Dubai communities and serves as a symbol of sustainability, progress, and innovation for present and future generations.


The “Electronic Delivery Order” has been introduced by Dubai Trade, DP World’s single window platform for cross border trade. This sophisticated new technological tool will allow supply chain stakeholders to handle complex import processes with the click of a mouse.

Beneficial in COVID Times

The E-Delivery Order is tailored to support trade, logistics, and supply chain players from the pandemic’s operational disruptions. With the new highly digitized process in place, shipping agents, freight forwarders, and Beneficial Cargo Owners (BCO’s) can avoid over the counter operations that require physical visits.

The company has successfully processed more than 17,000 transactions for 1400+ customers and aims to keep growing and adding to this number. Few of the global customers who have availed of Dubai Trade’s services include shipping agents Ocean Network Express, Peninsula Shipping, Hapag Lloyd Middle East, Gulf Agency Company (GAC), and top freight forwarders Globelink West Star Shipping Kuehne+Nagel and Freight Systems DWC. The E-Delivery Order promises and delivers a cost-effective, efficient, and time-saving mechanism on the Dubai Trade Portal to users from the safety of their homes.

Mohammed Al Muallem, the CEO and Managing Director, DP World, UAE Region, said, “Adapting to new technological innovations in the trade and logistics industry has become imperative in these days of global uncertainties created by the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Dubai Trade’s “E-Delivery Order” minimizes cargo clearance turnaround time, increases competitiveness, eliminates paperwork, creates greater visibility in cargo flow, thus liberating the UAE’s trading community from the inefficiencies of manual intervention and related costs.

Hussain Alblooshi, Chief Operating Officer of Dubai Trade, added, “We have always been pro-active when it comes to innovation for companies using the Dubai Trade e-platform and aim to provide unparalleled trade solutions in the UAE. We are proud to introduce a country-first Electronic Delivery Order in the UAE’s trade ecosystem. This automation will make the existing manual process redundant and reduce the operational costs while helping the company adopt sustainable delivery processes. Our customers will be happy to know that the new system eliminates 80% of paperwork and physical visits and cuts turnaround time by a similar count. Additionally, customers will experience seamless automated payment collections and reconciliations, lower overhead costs, and costs related to operating counters.”

Throughout history, Dubai Trade has been known for its best-in-class e-services and its ability to integrate various trade and logistics service providers in Dubai under a single window. Indeed the “E-Delivery Order” marks a step forward in digitizing the management of logistics to increase the resilience of the trade and logistics sector, which has been classified as an essential service by the UAE government.


CSS’s top management team met with Etisalat for the initial discussions to implement the Etisalat Video Surveillance as a Solution (VSAAS) along with a Smart Messaging Platform. Etisalat Video Surveillance as a Solution provides business enterprises with value-added services that address their security and regulatory compliance requirements.

Enabled by the state-of-the-art onsite video surveillance technology that will be deployed at CSS, Etisalat can proactively use, manage, troubleshoot, and support this solution. Hamad Mohammed Al Marzooqi, VP of Etisalat Managed SMB, Khalid M Yateem, Director of Etisalat Managed SMB and Jithesh Vijakumar, Sales Manager, Etisalat attended the meeting, along with the CSS team, which included Chandrakala, Krishna Kaladharan, Susanth Shekar, Pothen Thomas, and Arun Snehajan. A visit to the Innovation Center has also been scheduled for the near future.

The first-of-its-kind video surveillance solution in the UAE, this one-stop solution, is for all our video surveillance needs. From end-to-end managed services, security surveillance with analytics, web and mobile access, business intelligence and upgradable cloud storage, other features include end to end managed services, heat maps, people counting, a security system, and a queuing management solution.

Enabling this solution at the CSS office premises will help us manage our business more efficiently while increasing our business productivity. This partnership resounds with Etisalat’s tagline, which says, ‘Your business grows with us.’ Enabling this solution will increase the safety and security of our premises, resources, and assets and allow us to optimize our operations.


Dubai has launched the World Logistics Passport as part of the implementation of the first phase of the Dubai Silk Road strategy. To boost the role of the Dubai Silk Road strategy, it seeks to enhance the demand for Dubai’s products and services and integrated transportation systems. It also gives further impetus to the growing role played by Dubai Customs in regional and international trade.

Offering a set of special operational and financial advantages, the World Logistics Passport will connect key government bodies with logistics service providers. It can prove to be advantageous for businesses and shipping companies by facilitating commercial transactions with government entities like Dubai Customs and Dubai Trade.

Crown Prince of Dubai and Chairman of the Dubai Executive Council, Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum has emphasized that the Dubai Silk Road strategy will spur economic growth which will further strengthen Dubai’s position as a global economic and business hub, powered by its exceptional connectivity and logistics services. The Dubai Silk Road strategy also offers state-of-the-art logistics services using the latest smart applications.

Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, President of Dubai Civil Aviation Authority, reiterated, “Dubai’s sophisticated logistics services will further enhance its value offering for investors and businesses by saving time and effort and reducing their operational costs. This is a powerful tool that will eventually lead to increased revenues. We are keen to offer investors and businesses new advantages in conducting global trade.”


An Expo is a world fair or an extravagant international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations. The word Expo was derived from the French word “Exposition Universelle” which means Universal Exposition. There are two types of Expos that are conducted in different parts of the world; one being World Expo (formally known as International Registered Exhibitions) and other being Specialized Expo (formally known as International Recognised Exhibitions). Since the 1928 Convention Relating to International Exhibitions came into force, the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE) has served as an international sanctioning body for international exhibitions. As per the norms, a bidding process began in 2011 between four different Countries and Dubai was declared the winner. This triumph and jubilation led to the massive event called Dubai Expo 2020.

Theme of Expo 2020:
Expo 2020, is the First World Expo that is being conducted in the Middle East, Africa and South Asia (MEASA) region;
1. starting from October 20, 2020 to April 10, 2021. The event which is hosted in the heart of Dubai shall welcome 200 international countries and about 25 million or more visitors. It will be one big step towards efficient development.
2. The Expo will be held in the name of ‘Connecting Minds, Creating the Future.’ The goal is to connect people and innovative ideas, leading the people of the world towards a better tomorrow.
3. Opportunity, Mobility and Sustainability shall be the core themes of the Expo and it will connect nations, multinational corporations, non-government organisations and millions of visitors from all over the world, providing an opportunity to see future innovations, marvel at unique architecture, experience diverse cultures, taste cuisines from all over the world, and enjoy live performances, art and other entertainment.

Initiatives in the Expo 2020:
1. Al Wasl Plaza is one of the biggest initiatives taken in the Expo and it is said to bring together a physical manifestation of the main theme of the Expo; it is the site where the event will be conducted and each participating country will have its own pavilion to showcase their achievements and innovations.

2. World Majlis is a dialogue programme aimed at facilitating global conversation and creating connection between people and ideas. It brings together various government, professional, academics and cultural backgrounds in a meetings space where people will share informed opinions to help shape decision for communities.

3. Expo Live is an innovation and partnership programme launched by Expo 2020 to promote creative solutions that improve
lives while preserving the planet. Expo Live will support to demonstrate the power of a World expo in bringing a progressive and a prosperous future.

4. Global Best Practice Programme is a series of best practices from around the world have been selected to be showcased in the event. A total of 25 Best practices in five different categories have been selected by an international jury that can be replicated, adapted and scaled for a greater global impact.

Interesting facts on the Expo 2020

  1. Expo 2020 Dubai will have a dedicated metro station capable of carrying 23,000 passengers per hour in each direction.
    Dubai’s metro system is driverless.
  2. The Expo site is 4.38sq km in size, or 613.5 football pitches if you prefer.
  3. There will be a ‘Superstore of the Future’ on site which will be 3,000sqm in size.
  4. 25 million visitors are expected to visit Expo 2020 Dubai, Australia’s population is a similar number.
  5. Expo is expected to create almost 300,000 jobs. The majority in the tourism sector.
  6. 90% of the materials used to construct the site will be used to create legacy buildings after the event.
  7. Uber has signed an agreement with Dubai’s Roads and Transport Authority to test flying cars during the event.
  8. The Expo 2020 Dubai logo was inspired by a ring found in the UAE at 4000-year-old archaeological site.


EXPO 2020: A massive phenomenon for the Country and the people
Each new beginning, every new initiative, any new product brings a lot of changes and development in the society and and the Expo is no different, it also aims in bringing the best for the people and the residents of UAE.

  1. According to Expo 2020 Executive Body, Dubai’s Expo 2020 is expected to yield $24.2 billion in revenue;
  2. Expo 2020 will provide 277,000 new job opportunities and will have a positive impact on small and medium enterprises
  3. It is predicted to boost the economy of the Emirates by an average of 6.4 percent every year from 2014 to 2016 – ultimately increasing to 10.5 percent by 2020;
  4. The UAE government has predicted that revenues of up to $17.7 billion will be generated if the Expo is a success, which organizers feel is certain;
  5. Some analysts have predicted that by 2020, the UAE could garner as much as $150 billion in foreign direct investment in sectors such as real estate, hospitality, and tourism;
  6. The Expo 2020 is expecting 25 million visitors, 17 million of which will be international, this naturally will give a big thrust to the tourism and hospitality industries;
  7. For the Expo, Dubai is constructing a massive new city over an area of 1,082-acre. This project itself has generated 15% of the city’s new jobs. The figure is expected to double as the city gets closer to 2020.


Thus Expo 2020 Dubai will be a celebration of human brilliance and achievement and an opportunity for people to connect from different corners of the world, to experience the best of art, culture, geography, science, technology, innovation and invention and to set into motion millions of new thoughts and ideas that will make a lasting impact in our lives.

Throughout its history, UAE has shown the world what is possible through its remarkable development. With Expo 2020 Dubai, Dubai will go a step further in inspiring the next generation to spark innovations that will underline the next 50 years of human progress.


The 348-room, 5-star property was set up by CSS in a record time of 4 months across 13,500 FF&E items!

JA Lakeview opened its doors on September 22nd, becoming the third property in the 128-acre resort complex in Jebal Ali, Dubai. The hotel which includes 348 guest rooms, three swimming pools, new restaurants and a rooftop bar was completely set up by the CSS Hospitality & Hotel Logistics division of CSS Group.

This is one of the most recent hotel projects which was handed over successfully in 2019 by CSS Hospitality & Hotel Logistics that has a growing portfolio of hospitality clients in the region as well as international markets.

Rosh Manoli, General Manager – Sales & Marketing of CSS Group said, “We are very happy with the results that we were able to achieve for JA Lake View which included the delivery of furniture from our warehouse to the site and installation of artwork. What sets us apart from our competition is that we have our own integrated team from the point of managing the freight transportation across all suppliers, to warehousing, placement and installation services. This allows our clients to have clear visibility of the entire operations and helps us provide a consolidated solution for our customers.”

“The Operator and us from the owner’s team are extremely pleased with the effort, team spirit and your commitment to complete such a project in record time of 4 months. Considering the 13,500 items CSS has received, catalogued, unpacked and placed without major incident is truly a testament to your professionalism and organization”.
Steve Hall
Project Manager – Dutco Group

Unique Joint Venture Between DP World and SMS Group to Revolutionise Global Port Logistics


World’s first high bay container storing system to be ready for 2020 World Expo in Dubai

Dubai, UAE/Dusseldorf, Germany, 17 December 2018: An international joint-venture formed by global trade enabler DP World and industrial engineering specialists SMS group will revolutionize the way that containers are handled in ports. A new and intelligent storing system will be applied for the first time ever at Jebel Ali Terminal 4, in time for the Dubai Expo 2020 world fair.

The High Bay Storage system was originally developed by SMS group subsidiary AMOVA for round the clock handling of metal coils that weigh as much as 50 tons each in racks as high as 50 metres. AMOVA is the first company to transfer this proven technology to the port industry.

Instead of stacking containers directly on top of each other, which has been global standard practice for decades, the system places each container in an individual rack compartment. Containers are stored in an eleven-story rack, creating 200 percent more capacity than a conventional container terminal, or creating the same capacity in less than a third of the space.

Thanks to the rack’s design each container can be accessed without having to move another one, enabling 100 percent utilization in a terminal yard. The system brings big gains in speed, energy efficiency, better safety and a major reduction in costs. Costs are further cut by the ability to shorten the time taken to load and unload mega-ships by as much as 30 percent.

Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, DP World Group Chairman and CEO, said: “DP World’s experience and expertise in moving cargo coupled with the technology of AMOVA will ensure the system is remarkably efficient and relevant for present and future operations. As a world first in our industry we are tremendously excited by its potential and groundbreaking features. Our engagement in new technologies is a major priority and we have become known for seeking ways that transform the way goods are moved across the world. Innovation is part of our DNA and at the heart of our success.”

Burkhard Dahmen, CEO of SMS Group, said: “Our subsidiary AMOVA has optimized this technology in industrial applications for the metals industry over several decades. The application for container terminals is a direct result of our “New Horizon” strategy, in which SMS transfers technology from the metallurgical sector to other industries.”

Dr. Mathias Dobner, CEO of the joint venture, said: “This new container handling technology allows cities to use their expensive and sensitive land and waterfront areas more effectively. Our system will significantly increase the productivity of handling ships on the quay. This means that quay walls can be shortened by a third. This disruptive innovation will greatly improve the financial performance of container ports, and well as their overall appearance.”


21st December, 2017: The CSS Group’s office in JAFZA, Jebel Ali, UAE held a week full of short games every morning, getting our valuable resources an alternative start to their day. The CSS Group is big on getting their employees and members of staff involved in interacting more with each other, thus improving team work within the organization.
The week started off with Untangling Christmas Lights in under two minutes on the 17th of December, 2017 – winner being Sami Liju from CSS HQ.

The CSS Group proceeded to play a Christmas-themed Jenga, with the winner being Anjali Krishnan from CSLC 1, on the 18th of December, 2017. Rules of Engagements – from anywhere between confessions, singing Christmas songs until the next person’s turn and more! Guess the Object was played on the 19th of December, 2017 with players being blindfolded. The winner of this game being Fazeena Mohammed from CSS HQ.

An epic game of Holiday Greetings Pictionary – with four teams of 3 – was held the next day, winners being Jackie Leano, Archa Bitto and Fathima Sidhique from CSLC 1. The week-long game ender on the 21st of December, had ‘Pick Christmas Ornaments with Chopsticks’, winner being our very own Sabu from the CSS Group Support Staff in CSLC 1.
The CSS Group’s Marketing division hosting these games, as well as the amazing Happy Holidays Committee, was incredibly proud of the turn-out and hopes next year will be as equally exciting!

More on the 21st of December, 2017:
The CSS Group held their Annual Christmas High Tea with members of the CFS team later that day. Cakes and decorations adorned the CFS warehouse at JAFZA, Jebel Ali with the Chairman, T.S. Kaladharan giving a brief speech, followed by distribution of amazing Holiday Greeting’s edibles.


The Group’s Hospitality & Hotel Logistics division provides tailor-made logistics services to local and international luxury industries. CSS’s Hospitality & Hotel Logistics specializes in the management and implementation of Hotel Logistics solutions.
Armed with an aggressive wealth of experience in delivering, transportation, warehousing and installation solutions for International Luxury Hotels, the division offers turnkey solutions for large-scale construction projects and efficient, comprehensive maintenance and supply concepts logistics solutions for developers, hotel operators, FF&E and OS&E suppliers, and international agents for procurement.

The CSS Group’s extensive Supply Chain Management facilities include storage provisions throughout the Middle-East, state-of-the-art lifting and loading equipment and a fleet of vehicles for land transportation. Cargo is secure and monitored round the clock.
“A comprehensive and innovative approach is required when it comes to this unique division of Hospitality & Hotel logistics. We have system procedures to ensure fool proof execution, from shipping to warehousing to installation – as per a client’s planned room layout – conforming to all standards required for the job,” mentioned Rosh Manoli, Deputy General Manager, Sales & Marketing CSS Dubai.

The CSS Group’s decades of experience and diversified services, ranging from Ocean freight management to heavy equipment logistics to relocation and removals, has strengthened its resolve in becoming a global leader in the shipping and logistics industry.

“The CSS Hospitality & Hotel Logistics team provides customized solutions, keeps up with real time communication and displays global standards.” continued Rosh.
The CSS Hospitality & Hotel Logistics team is fully equipped to meet any demand from the industry, be it pre-opening or project execution phases

Open Yard Storage In Jebel Ali From CSS Group

css-dubaiThe new open yard storage facility inside the Jebel Ali Free zone is CSS Group’s latest contribution to the ever growing demand for open yard storage requirements in the UAE. More than 100,000 Square feet area is allocated within the free zone premises and commissioned along with the Consolidated Shipping Services new Regional headquarters. The facility is a welcome initiative when it comes to requirements like the storage of large cargo such as machinery, construction materials equipment, automobiles and other heavy duty equipment. The company ensures all safety measures to the convenience of the customer.
The open yard facility is fully fenced and interlocked with sufficient lighting and is monitored by a 24 hour on-site security team. The location of the open yard is near R/A- 07 JAFZA North and adjacent to Jebel Ali Port general cargo berth. “We have always ensured maximum client satisfaction in all our initiatives. Our new addition to the existing facilities can be seen as a contribution from CSS, towards the ever growing demand for open yard storage requirements in the UAE region and thereby improve the trade within our industry” mentioned Chandrakala (CK), Director, Operations, CSS Group.

Salient Features

  • Total area of 100,000 Square Feet
  • Full managed by CSS Staff & State of the art equipment
  • 24 hours security
  • Offers short term and long term storage

CSS Group, headquartered in Dubai has become one of the most trusted partners for freight forwarding and logistics among the global fraternity within a short period of time. Professional and dedicated services offered in the field of Ocean Freight, Air Freight, Local & International Land Transportation, Projects Management, Supply Chain Management and Personal Effects Management has brought in accolades and recognition for the entire CSS Group. Being a prominent name in the field of freight forwarding in the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent, CSS Group has to its credit an enviable list of Global Network Partners. CSS has a dedicated and highly skilled team of over 750 professionals around the globe offering integrated freight forwarding & logistic solutions to varied clientele.

Key Contacts:


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