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Opinion

May, 2019

TASTE OF INDIA PART II


I hope you had a good time learning Vedic maths in the 1st part of this series.Today we will speak of mathematics and Hemachandra numbers ( the series of recurrences)
Mathematics is, in large part, the search & study of patterns and for the explanations as to why those patterns exist. We will see the use of these patterns in day to day life.

Example: Patterns in motion of planets led to theory of gravitation or patterns in genomes help in curing disease.

Lets start the math with the universe of Whole Numbers:

What are whole numbers :

……-4,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,…..

Lets see some number sequences below:

1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,…. All 1’s
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,….Counting numbers
1,3,5,7,9,11,13…. Odd numbers
2,4,6,8,10,12,14…Even numbers
1,4,9,16,25,36,….squares
1,8,27,64,125,…..cubes
1,2,4,8,16,32,64,128,….Powers of 2
1,4,16,64,256,1024,4096….Powers of 4

Lets see now how sequences are related:

Example 1: Odd numbers and Square numbers are related

How ?

When you add up the odd number sequence you get the square number sequence

1=1
1+3 =4
1+3+5=9
1+3+5+7=16

Formula : 1+3+5+…..(2n-1) = n square

Example 2: Counting numbers and square numbers are related

How?

When you add up the counting numbers sequence to a point N and back to 1 , you get the square numbers sequence.

1=1
1+2+1 =4
1+2+3+2+1 = 9
1+2+3+4+3+2+1 = 16

Formula : 1+2+3 + ….+ n +…..+ 3+2+1 = n square

Now lets see the Hemachandra number series : (Hemachandra (1150 AD) number series also written by Gopala ( 1135 AD ) also known as Fibonacci( 1200 AD))

Write down 1 and 2

The next number is the sum of the previous two numbers

1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,……..

Formula: Hn= H (n-1) + H ( n-2)

So which is the 7th number in the series , look up and count , its 21. and so on.

Where is it applied ?

Hemachandra numbers in Sanskrit Poetry :

Poetry has 2 syllables – Long ( 2 beats) And Short ( 1 beat)

The number of ways you can fill up 8 beats:

Long Long Long Long = 2+ 2+2+2 = 8

(Short Short ) X 4 = 8

Short Long long Short Long = 1+2+2+1+2 = 8

So answer to the question that in how many ways can you fill up 8 beats , see the 8th number in the Hemachandra sequence : answer is 34.

Hemachandra numbers in Nature:

a) Daisies ( flower) have 13 , 21, 34 petals – all Hemachandra numbers

b) Pine Cones have 8,13,21,24 etc spirals – again all in the Hemachandra numbers series

Now , lets evaluate some others mathematical concepts.

Prime Numbers

2,3,5,7,11,13,17,…….

Prime numbers have only two factors , 1 and itself

You cannot have two numbers multiplied to get that number – that is a prime number.

So lets see for example the number 13 = 1X13 = 13 = two factors only , 1 and 13.

But these prime numbers were discovered way before humans by nature.

You know Cicadas ? These are insects ( bugs)

Cicadas live underground and emerge only once every N years , where N tends to be a prime number like 13 or 17

Why ?

The hypothesis is that then N is least likely to be a multiple of the length of the predators population cycle which could kill them off.

Indian Cicadas come out every 7 years and some every 19 years

In America , they come out every 13 years and 17 years.

It was observed that those coming out in years other than prime numbers were predated and lost their lives so this pattern has become common that they come out only in prime number years , based on their predators life cycle!!

Prime numbers in everyday life

Suppose you have two 200 digit prime numbers

Give them a computer , and it can multiply them in a fraction of a second and give the answer which will be a 400 digit answer.

Now take this 400 digit answer and give it another computer , and ask to find the original two 200 digit prime numbers.

The best known algorithms , working on all the worlds computers , would still take billions of years to find those two 200 digit prime numbers !!!!

Which means A multiply by B = C – here finding C is very easy A XB but to reverse find the factors A and B which result in C is impossible !

So basis this , it is easy to multiply two large prime numbers but hard to do the reverse process , is the basis of the world’s encryption !!!!

Often when we submit private information on the internet , prime numbers are what are being used to encrypt the information and protect it since no one knows how to find factor numbers ( or so we think ) this method of encryption is presumably secure !

The thesis is that it is difficult to go backwards and find the factor or find a quick way to find the factor. So the problem of factoring is the basis of encryption technology.

(Opposite of multiplication is factoring – 10X10 = 100

100 is multiplication and factoring is to know 10 and 10 are the factors)

142857 :

Example of 142857 – a 6 digit number – so we will multiply it till 6 and see:

142857 X 1 = 142857

142857 X 2 = 285714

142857 X 3 = 428571

142857 X 4 = 571428

142857 X 5 = 714285

142857X 6 = 857142

Look closely , the same numbers get interchanged in the answers , observe carefully!!!!!!!

Are there such n digit numbers so the if you can multiply by 1 through n , the number just cycles around ?

Yes example is 0588235294117647 ( 16 digits)
Try multiplying this 16 digit number with 1 and till 16 and the answers will be the same numbers just circling around.

Are there infinitely many such numbers ? No one knows ….

Reasons for this pattern is Self similarity and Fractals:

Examples of self similarity and fractals in Nature are as follows:

Fern leaves – each leaf is just the same as another of its leaf.

Similar fractals are snowflakes , leaves , clouds , coastlines , mountains , lightening ……

Another example of Fractal architecture is The Kandariya Mahadev Temple in Madhya Pradesh

Self similarity in man made art :

Fulani wedding blanket from Nigeria

M.C. Escher the Dutch artist who made mathematically influenced graphic art – zoom a picture and you keep seeing the same picture in the picture.

In todays times , Princeton University even has a Fractal broccoli !

Thanks for taking the time to read this ancient power of Indian sciences and now you can go back to WhatsApp university to learn and argue on what NDA did or UPA did which is our current obsession !

Pride is a result of complex. So if you are already feeling proud that it was an Indian who discovered these patterns and not the Italian Mathematician Fibonacci , it has nothing to do with Hemachandra or Fibonacci , it is to do with your own complex. And yes , I purposely didn’t mention that Hemachandra was a Jain monk born in Gujarat so as not to let any artificial pride get in the way of understanding the subject for what it is. Happy Easter!

PS: This article is directly influenced from the lectures and work of the current generation mathematician at Princeton University , Professor Mr Manjul Bhargava!


March, 2019

Taste of India


In this series, I would like to bring out the real taste of India like Vedic maths, Hemachandra numbers etc which are fascinating concepts and also explain many complex realities of the universe in simple terms. Today we start with Vedic maths.

Vedic Maths

Any number multiplied by 11:

32 times 11 :

Split 3 and 2

3 2

Add 3 and 2 = 5 and put it in between

Answer is 352.

Similarly,

45 times 11 = 495

75 times 11 = 7125 —> 1 gets carried over and it becomes 825

Base method ( can be used for any numbers close to bases of 10,100,1000 etc )

99 times 97

100 is the base

99 is less than 100 by how much = 01

97 is less than 100 by how much = 03

Now cross subtract : 99 less 3 = 96

Or

97 less 1 = 96

Each way the answer is same so 96 is the first part.

And now multiply the difference 01 times 03 = 03.

So 9603 is the answer.

Do it with 98 times 97 , answer is 9506.

996 times 997

Now take 1000 as the base

996 is less than 1000 by how much = 004

997 is less than 1000 by how much = 003

Now cross subtract : 996 less 003 = 993

Or

997 less 004 = 993

Each way the answer is same so 993 is the first part.

and now multiple the difference 004 times 003 = 012.

So 993012 is the answer.

14 times 12

Base is 10

14 is 4 more than 10

12 is 2 more than 10

So cross Add

First part is 16.

Multiply difference 4 times 2 = 8

So 168 is the answer.

Mental squaring

101 square = 101 times 101

By the same method above, answer is 10201.

102 square = 102 times 102

By the same method, answer is 10404

105 square : 11025

106 square : 11236

Vertically and crosswise sutra:

31 times 12

31

X12

Formula:

a) :: —> multiply last digit of each row for last number

b) :: —> cross multiply 1st digit of 1st line with 2nd digit of second line

cross multiply 2nd digit of 1st line with 1st digit of second line

Add the two for middle number

c) :: —> multiply first digit of each row for 1st number

a. 1 times 2 = 2 – last number

b. 3 times 2 = 6 + 1 times 1 = 1 add the two = 7 – middle number

c. 3 times 1 = 3 – first number

Answer is 372

Now 12 times 34

12

X 34

a. 2 times 4 = 8 – last number

b. 1 times 4 = 4 and 2 times 3 = 6.
4+ 6 = 10 so carry over 1 – middle number is 0.

c. 1 times 3 is 3 + carry over 1 = 4 – first number
Answer is 408.

So the few methods with a few examples of Vedic maths should help you become smarter and not depend always on your smart phone.

Keep massaging your brain and relish the taste of India

Coming up soon with Hemachandra numbers in the next series !


January, 2019

Team – Work


Rahat Talreja
Vice President – CSS Central India

I’d like to start with a poetry rendition by Sarshar Sailani, a dialogue writer and poet:

Chaman mein Ikhtilat-e-rang-o-bu se baat banti hai
Hum hi Hum hain toh kya hum hain
Tum hi Tum ho toh kya tum ho

Translated in English as:

In a garden, multiple forms of colour and smell make up the ecosystem
If I am only about myself, then what am I.
If you are only about yourself, then what are you.

How beautiful.

The ecosystem of an organisation is the result of the multiple flavours that every individual contributes.

The smart, the smarter, the smartest.

The foolish, more foolish, most foolish.

The lucky, the luckier, the luckiest.

The good, the better, the best.

And voila, the organisation, its ecosystem, its culture, its philosophies, all bloom with this combined energy of its several people.

Let us therefore decipher a few points which are important for effective team work.

Team Size:

Let’s do some math with a simple number like 100

  1. First, divide 100 by 100
    The answer is 1
    1 is 1% of 100
  2. Now, divide 100 by 1
    The answer is 100
    100 is 100% of 100


(Some might be confused because math was always a tricky subject, but read again and it’s really a simple point)

From the above example, we can see that dividing by 100 gives you 1 percent of something and dividing by 1 gives you 100 percent of that thing.

Which brings us to the point on team-work where appropriate team size is most important to team work. If too many people get involved in the same work, the percentage of output only decreases.

What are the issues we typically see in involvement of too many people in a simple task?

  1. The simple task becomes complicated
  2. The task is simple but the discussion around it is disproportionate to its size
  3. People involved become more important than the task itself
  4. Ultimately the task never gets done
  5. Even if it gets done, the emotional, physical & financial costs mismatch the importance of the task


Therefore, its most important to have teams which are appropriately sized.

ABSOLUTE VS RELATIVE IMPORTANCE:
Let’s understand this point from our own human body. In relative terms, the heart is more important than the feet. But in absolute terms, the heart has its own functions and importance as does the feet. If this point is clear, most of us can work towards achieving absolute positions and not relative positions. Because the quest for relative positions only create issues within us and with us.

The working class all over the world sacrifice their NEEDS to fulfil the WANTS of their corporate employers. This is their absolute power. The power of giving. In fact, in the entire hierarchical spectrum, the one above fulfils his wants by sacrificing the needs of the one below.

Let us take the example of a top leader on the Forbes List. He wanting to move into the top 100 richest is a want, not a need. Who fulfils that want? The ones who serve him. They sacrifice personal time, family time, health, peace and so many basic human needs to help him achieve that objective. It’s a separate thing that the Saturn (Shani) in our horoscope decides the kind of people we will have serving us. The stronger it is, the better the people who serve us. These planet positions are not out of the blue, they are earned through good karma. Everything is earned and not an entitlement. But in the context of the material world, yes, someone’s needs fulfil the others wants.

Therefore, perspective is very important and we can all have harmony with each other in teams when this is clear. When you go to a restaurant, first the restaurant owner feeds you and then by paying the bill, you feed him. Both feed each other.

MOTIVATION:
Try complimenting a top sportsman for just his good looks and not his sport.

He will be offended.

Imagine meeting Sachin Tendulkar and complimenting him for his pearly white teeth. Not a mention of cricket. He will say his famous words: Aila.

If you notice, true power always underplays itself not to attract attention from the wrong eyes and ordinary will always overdo itself to attract attention from the true powers.

It is most important to identify tasks and allot functions as per one’s strength and caliber and be continuously appreciated for that. The above examples have made it amply clear that misreading someone’s caliber and appreciating for the contextually wrong things might actually demotivate the person.

These are some points on team work. Many others also exist. We all are trying.


November, 2018

Businessmen And Investors


Who came first? The chicken or the egg ? The egg cannot “come” so it obviously was the chicken. The centuries old question has been solved.

Ok lets try another question. Who came first, the son or his father? Its son because only after he was born, did his father become a father.

If you notice, the world is no longer “confused.” Its very clear on a lot of things. Well only in the talking aspect of things. We have learnt to have quick answers to so called tough questions due to the art of articulation and not necessarily having a proper answer.

Talking is free. So it really doesn’t matter these days on what one says. But in this whirlpool culture, the ones who have been caught on the wrong side and are “paying “for it are the businessmen or entrepreneurs. Let me tell you how.

A humble Indian guy became a barber. He was good at his work and slowly gained prominence in his field and was going steady till “ They” came to him one day. They now sold their “dream” template to him, as they do to several innocent businessmen. They are the powerful liquidity carriers and dream sellers called Investors. Suddenly he came up with several barber shops, added more through franchise model, added top line to his business, did a brand valuation and voila was ready for an IPO ( initial public offering or share issue ) of 600 million Indian rupees. His name is Javed Habib. God knows about the IPO but his dreams still live on as long as some private investors keep coming in and out of his balance sheet.

A small retailer of flavoured milk in Delhi had these investor visitors one day. From selling nice fresh Delhi milk in several flavours, he has now become what we call “Keventers” today. Valued recently at 1100 Indian crores.

By the way if you sell a single finger on your hand for 1 million, both your hands are valued at 10 million and the entire body at 1000 million, this is how “Value” is decided these days.

So several businesses, which needn’t have any scale in themselves, are scaled up through liquidity. Barber, milk seller are examples I have used above. But the real issue is that today, with this becoming common knowledge to all, most businessmen have started to dream this big valuation theory, forgetting that hot money that investors carry can pull down the business if we dont focus on what the business needs and do what the investors need. Let me give an example:

Indian Banks.

The banking story is such that investors earlier took “Loan Growth” as a parameter to judge a banks performance and valuation. So banks stopped seeing what needs to be done with their own banking business and rather wanted lofty valuations for themselves and their owners for which they incessantly went on lending lending lending to match the criteria of the investors “ Loan Growth Valuation Theory” Now, because they didn’t do what the business needed, which is loan disbursement diligence, suddenly we have a banking crisis. Look here what happens, the same investors suddenly pull out the hot money from such banks and deploy it to banks where there is lesser loan growth but asset quality is good. Which means HDFC bank is the clear winner because it never went into the wholesale loan business inspite of the world doing it at the cost of its own growth. It did what the business needed and here you are today. India has a 12 lac crore banking NPA crisis. So see how investors changed their parameters overnight, This is the caution that businessmen need to take.

Work for the needs of the Business and not the Investors. They will follow you as long as your business is right. Never forget this mantra ever. You don’t chase investors, let them chase you.

In our logistics field, the investors have made “top-line” as a parameter today. In E-commerce and logistics, they say, profit is not important, top-line is everything. And we are all swayed by the glamorous stories of loss making dot coms who have sky high valuations. Logistics companies having 3-4 % PAT levels but market caps decided by top-lines. Top companies have even given internal long term messages on “top-line” sales like 2 billion ( those who know will know which company i am referring to).

To aid this top-line growth, balance sheets are being loaded on the debt side. Equity is being diluted. Bad customers are bought into the system. Systemic risks are created due to easy terms to customers. The party is on and the valuations are on the books and exchanges. But I can assure you that every businessman true to his heart will never like it deep within him. He knows well that what he is doing is not good for the business, its only good for his valuation. The parameter given by the Investors. Let him not forget that hot money has no loyalty to anyone. Be loyal to your business and its goals and do what is needed to be done. Not what they want us to do. I am sure the day is not far when all eyes will open and the parameter changed to : Bottom -line” Till then, keep swimming.


September, 2018

OA OD


Its a dark night. The nascent moon is deeply hidden by the dark cumulonimbus clouds forming over Mumbai. Heavy rains have lashed the city. Nothing is visible outside the glass window of the hospital guest lounge overlooking the Arabian sea. The relatives are waiting with bated breadth for the doctors to come out of the diagnosis centre to get an update on the patient. Their worst fears haunting them. And then , the doctor comes out and nods his head in affirmation. He has confirmed the disease. Another chip down to this deadly new disease: OA/OD. She has consumed most of the world and almost every 2nd person is inflicted.

I remember distinctly that each decade throws up a new disease which leads the charts for a long time till something better and newer emerges. So the period of the 1980’s belonged to Tuberculosis. TB as we know it by its nick name. The 1990’s belonged to Heart disease. Attack aayega toh? (hindi for : what if one gets an attack?). This fear ruled this period. The 2000’s started with cancer raising its ugly head. And cancer went all over the place. Disease had gone global with the world economies going global. A heart attack would mainly relate to the heart. But cancer was more cosmopolitan. It could affect any part from your brain to your liver to your breast to your prostate. I reckon it had a larger reach than even the best logistics companies like DHL, UPS, Fedex etc. Another reason why these diseases ruled in their times as the undisputed leaders of human body misery was the fact that they captured the creme de la creme of the world like celebrities in movies, business, politics and fashion.

So Nelson Mandela had TB.
David Letterman, Elizabeth Taylor, Barbara Walters had heart disease.
Bill Clinton had heart disease. Common, even the Clintons have it.
Hugh Jackman, Sheryl Crow, Lance Armstrong were caner survivors.

Back home in the Indian subcontinent, our very own Amitabh Bachchan had TB. The founding father of our neighbour Pakistan ( love thy neighbour said Jesus, anyway) had TB. The tallest leader of the universe The Thalaiva Rajnikanth had Chronic Bronchitis and believe it or not Viral fever. What a shame. And then Yuvraj Singh and Lisa Ray are the cancer survivors we know.

It has also been observed that as you go up the value chain in the economy and as your individual wealth and nation wealth increases, you qualify for better diseases which is why the poorer nations get TB even today, slightly more wealthy ones get Cancer and Heart Disease. But then all of the above does not cover the disease which I want to talk about. OA OD. The disease that is the ruler of the information age. Took birth around 2010 and then onwards at its peak today.

Over Analysis ( OA) Over Discussion ( OD) . OA OD.

In textbook parlance , the situation in which the tongue and brain make an unholy partnership and the ears sign off on a pilgrimage is called OA OD. In this disease, the tongue keeps saying something on the brain impulses and one talks and discusses on topics ranging from politics, national interest, sanitary pads, cricket, economy, logistics business, trade wars, GDP, baby burps, yawning, size of the male ….. ego, god, religion, buildings, cars etc
It is important to note that ears need to be logged out and you need to have ZERO listening skills or minimal listening. The environments in which the disease grows is social media, conference rooms, meeting halls, forums, news rooms etc The person discusses everything yet achieves nothing. In the end, what comes out is only “Khichdi” ( Indian staple diet of lentils metaphor for gross confusion) In a chartical representation, I enumerate that the stages of human growth are as follows:

a. Talk
b. Think , Talk
c. Listen , Think , Talk
d. Listen , Think
e. Listen

When you reach stage E, you are up there. OA OD entangles you at stage B or stage C.

I have written several paragraphs on this disease. Do I have the symptoms? God save me.


July, 2018

SPARE THEM FROM EDUCATION


The criteria for education in today’s times is only one thing: How much of a profiteer you become. Development of virtues like integrity, character, persistence, commitment which are intangible are not even counted since the ultimate parameter of evaluation has become profit, Nothing else.
As I famously tell people: Cost price is the truth and Selling Price is a lie. The difference between truth & lie is called profit.
So, without getting into the morality of education, let us extrapolate on the reasons why everyone is after education these days and how it will create serious labour issues in our world going forward.
If you see the pattern of education, it is primarily to bring you to the work desk. After that, only work skills and domain experience matter. But a dangerous trend is emerging, especially in countries like India, where everyone wants to be “educated” And that is a serious problem. So, watchmen, electrician, plumber, driver, maid, cleaner, mechanic all of them are in a race to educate their children. This primarily emanates from the need for dignity of labour which has been lacking with these skills for decades. But here is the catch. Their time has come now. Because the educated space is getting congested by the day. Jobs are being chased by millions. Anyone will tell you that price corrections in salaries have already happened for graduates & engineers who are queuing up for the same jobs and creating a huge supply – demand gap.
Compare this to a truck driver. An interesting incident happened last month for us and give us the jitters for completing a very important project shipment. We had scheduled pick-ups in trailers but there was a severe shortage of drivers. This is unique and unheard of in so many decades. Due to several overlapping reasons there was an acute driver shortage. On engaging further with transporters, we also learnt that these days drivers make more money than the transport owner himself. Because they are in shortage and therefore command a premium.
Ask any Indian household. They will tell you that the most important service provider in the house is the maid. In urban cities like Mumbai, not an inch can move without them. It is common to see maids being treated at par with the house owner’s family. Taken to parties and even vacations. A car mechanic I know for many years now said he is saving to make his son educate himself. One thing I have seen is common. No one wants their children to be in the same profession. I asked him to make his son a mechanic because education will only put him in a queue which is congested. But the future will have no mechanics compared to the demand. So, his earnings will be much higher. But he might privately think that I am not his well-wisher for giving such an advice.
But this is what I call a classic curse that the poor carry. Their time has come now but they are moving towards education which will keep them poor again. Only if they see that continuing the same profession will lead to enormous wealth for themselves along with the dignity that these scarcities will bring for them. But no, they want their kin to study. Study makes one a smooth talker but talking alone does not run the world. Look at your own self. If every body part wants to be the head, what will the head stand on? We need feet for sure. You may not give feet the dignity that you give the head. I have not seen people shampooing their ankles and feet more than their head and faces. That will always remain. But the feet are feet and we need labour class to run our world.
Look at the developed world too. America and Europe. They had this 100% educated population and had issues growing their societies too. So, they made immigration policies and labourers from across the poor countries moved to these nations and helped build them. Even today the taxi drivers, grocers, cleaners, newspaper boys, truck drivers, forklift operators etc are mainly immigrants. The problem is with growing wealth across the world and across classes, who will be left to do these jobs? And the generations of skills that they carried will be lost. They should know that we live in a pyramid model society where people at the bottom provide the foundation and support to people at the top. If everyone is the top, it becomes the bottom.


May, 2018

Asking or Telling ?



The more you know things the more you are confused. In fact, being confused is a sure sign of being on the path to know more. Do you know why I say what I say. Read on.

We all know that there are seven colours in the visible spectrum ( that portion of the electromagnetic spectrum which is visible to the human eye).

VIBGYOR as we call it. Violet Indigo Blue Green Yellow Orange Red.
Now if I ask you why is something of a certain colour, what would your answer be. Example – If I showed you a RED rose and asked you why is it red in colour, you may say because it has the colour red in it out of these 7 rainbow spectrum colours.

But am afraid, the answer is something else son. The correct answer is that the rose contains all other 6 colours except RED. A yellow table has all colours expect YELLOW. A Blue whale has all colours except BLUE. And so on. The rules of the universe are that any thing or object reflects / projects only that which it doesn’t have in it. So what you SEE is actually what is NOT PRESENT i that object.

This is not fiction. When I first heard this, I was startled and goose-bumped. But then , the mind helps you and you can decipher things beyond the information you have. So I thought of it further and a few more examples cropped up.

Like snake venom. And its antidote.How is the antidote or anti venom made. You first need the venom, inject a small portion of it in an animal and the animal produces some antibodies which are collected to make the antidote. So the antidote comes from the venom. Think more.

Have you realised that when a person undergoes a health issue, most of the times he blesses others for their good health. So what you lack is health. And so what you project is health for all.
In acts of philanthropy, it has been observed that the poor are more giving than the rich. They share a part of their small fortunes easily than someone who has amassed a lot of resources ( money as we call it ) has major issues within himself to give away. Not always the case but sum of probabilities are higher. For the relatively poor, the motivation to give is the hope to get someday.

Have you ever read stories of super rich businessmen across the world ? The one common aspect is that most of them started with very low and humble backgrounds. Well that in itself is the motivation to go up. Being down. In fact it is the only motivation to keep accumulating more. Always feeling poor. If you don’t feel poor enough, why would you want more. In fact the joke is that children born to rich and average parents never really go THAT HIGH because they don’t know poverty well and therefore have no motivation to go all out for wealth. In fact abundant families often see children spending away or giving away in charity easily. Because they are high there, they want to go a little lower.

Balancing forces within us keep playing all the time. We humans too, therefore, project what is actually the opposite of our internal overpowering state of mind. When the state within is of total wisdom, total innocence is projected. In that context, a child is actually the most wise person always.
Facebook is a very easy method of knowing a persons state of mind. Lets say someone keeps projecting his wealth through pictures and updates of cars, vacations, phones, airplanes etc chances more are that the guy feels poor within. If a couple keeps projecting bliss and happiness in their relationship , chances are that everything is on the rocks already. The largest corporations have average websites and really average corporations have large and grand websites.

So do you see that colleague who projects arrogance and hate always. Chances are that he is full of love and compassion deep within and is just balancing it out. Or do you see that holy cow who always smiles, is nice, courteous, chances are the opposite of that is manifested within him somewhere. We are all playing the balancing act. Which brings me to the metaphor of the inverted banyan tree, as told by Shri Krishna, that this imperishable tree has its roots upwards and branches down and the one who knows this tree knows it all. What we are viewing in the world is actually a reflection of the reality. Today, after writing this article, it makes it even more relevant.


March, 2018

EARTH AND HUMANS


All of us live on planet earth. On observation and extrapolation, I have noticed many similarities between the planet we live on and the body we carry. Let us today see the similarities to try and decipher many challenges we face as a race and find possible solutions to it. Or to put it more correctly, rather than finding solutions, we can understand that things which we define as problems, are not problems in itself so no solutions are required.

Earth is 70% water, 30% land
Human body is 70% water, 30% mass (representing land)
– Most of us know this.

The earth and its ecosystem have mainly 5 elements:

Water (the water within)
Fire (the various fires within at the different chakras)
Air (the air within)
Earth (the mass of earth which makes the body)
Ether (the blue sky colour or the colour of the human soul)

The human body is also divided into 4 zones:

a. The head – which is the Brahman (learned and realised) or the originator of all action/reaction
b. The heart , lungs and stomach region – which is the Vaishya (businessmen) or the day to day executors of all action/reaction
c. The arms – which is the Kshatriya (warriors) – which help protect the body
d. The legs – which are the Shudras (workers) on which the entire system stands which carry the weight and do all the hard work.
(As per ancient Indian social system, people were divided into four classes, based on the duties they perform)
Now, with this basic premise, we can also go deeper and see that the different continents or countries should represent the various body parts.
So let’s extrapolate and see the characteristics of various countries and see where they fit or what body part they might be

a. The USA – which is the unsaid leader of all countries – through its approach, demeanour and actions, makes me think that it is the HEAD.

We also feel that the USA interferes a lot with the other countries – example in Vietnam, Afghanistan etc but doesn’t that is what the brain does? If there is a pain in an ankle or finger or intestine, the brain sends its army of WBC’s and RBC’s to fight the infection and heal it. Just like the US does. Just thinking!

b) Many Indians say that whatever you do, it always feels unclean and chaotic here. So I think somewhere that India is the stomach or intestine. It is chaotic but most essential to digest and run the world.

c) I think Africa are the legs of the world. Europe represents the heart & lungs region. I am sure some country is also the liver, some the pancreas, think about it.

Also, most organs below the naval and above the naval have different environments. Below the naval deal with carbon dioxide mainly. Above deal with oxygen. It makes me think that Canada, Europe, America, Australia belong to the zone above the naval. Asia, Africa, Gulf below the naval. And then what country or geographical point is the navel?
So when we start thinking like this, the first debate of who is superior ends because all body parts are important and interdependent on each other. The head must know that it cannot have any position unless it has legs to carry it.
Also, since the moon and other planetary movements affect the oceans and their currents and also seismic activity, it is safe to say that this validates the whole concept of astrology where the planets and moon should also affect the individual human also.
By reverse inference , I would also keenly want to know what is the blood of the planet earth, what represents a human hiccup, what is the spine of the planet etc, readers are welcome to think and share views.


January, 2018

THE POWER OF BAD


Your loved one returns home every day at 7 pm. Today it is already 11 pm. Not returned. The phone is not reachable. No message. What are you probably thinking? Is he in trouble? Is he in an accident? Is he dead? The first thing that occupies you is: Fear and you think about “BAD”
A noble man had great thoughts. He practised good deeds all his life. One day he made a grave mistake. And everyone forgot what good he did. The mistake hounded him. It attracted all the attention. It overshadowed all his good actions. Bad for him but again: BAD won.

Recently, the license of a hospital in Delhi was cancelled due to negligence (accusation not verdict). The hospital has so far treated over 50,000 patients successfully. It never got any award, reward, tax break, appreciation from the authorities. But 1 incident and boom: License cancelled. The hospital is in hospital now and is recuperating to get back its license but here too the “BAD” over-powered.
Many of us watched the successful movie “Sholay”. It had Jai, Veeru, Sambha, Kalia, Basanti, Dhanno, Mausi, Thakur etc. All played by stalwarts and tall characters in themselves. But whom do you remember: The goon called Gabbar played by newbie Amjad Khan.
Vijay Mallya is a successful Indian businessman. In fact he created the world’s 2nd largest liquor company United Spirits and world’s 2nd largest selling beer company United Breweries. Both were divested to get partners such as Diageo (world’s largest liquor company making labels like Johnny Walker) and Heineken in the respective businesses. The UB group is also the largest investor in sports businesses in India. They own top teams in IPL called RCB, Mohan Bagan in Football, Force India F1 team (1st for India), and India’s top Derby. These businesses were invested into way before their time under the sun. Also, a world class airline was created called Kingfisher which failed. Everyone forgot everything else and only thing they know is he is a fraud etc. (accusation not verdict)
In fact, it was his “Bad” side of perceived women & wine & lavish lifestyle that attracted the brand value to his businesses. I remember people fornicating in their mind after having flown Kingfisher. I know today that people sip the beer Kingfisher thinking they are getting a pie of that bad. And now that single bad failure is overpowering all the lesser bads that people loved.
So it is to be noted that “Bad” or “Negative” or things which we consider averse are very powerful and attract all the attention.
In fact, it takes a lot of gut and character not to fall for the “Sins” or “Bad” things in life.
But the main problem is that we have made “Bad” a bad word. It is our own limited thinking and the problem of being stuck in our own ego and morality that we fail to understand life in its entirety. The darkness in the universe is omnipresent and we need stars like the sun to show light for some time. When we begin to realise this and expand our own thoughts, breaking away and beyond morality & judgement, we see that a whole new dimension opens up. In fact it is the duty of every human being to see the other side of the pendulum too.
Think about it: Human Beings are more powerful than God or Devil. How?
God cannot become the Devil.
Devil cannot become God.
But only human beings can become both, when they want.
Speaking of bad, let me also discuss the nature and food of “Bad”
Bad is very cunning. It has assured its own longevity be making itself of a certain nature. Its nature, if you observe carefully, is that it thrives on its opposition. Opposing Bad is Food for Bad. The more you oppose it, fight it, and go against it: it gets its food and thrives more. It has created this anti-climax kind of personality for itself.
My sense is that the only way to kill it is to IGNORE it.

Let me give examples:
Chocolates:
Your objective is that your child should not have chocolate so that he has healthy teeth.
Now you set out and there are 2 ways:
IGNORE this pursuit of yours to defeat chocolate. See, it will die its own death if you do “Nothing” sometimes, doing nothing is doing everything.
The other way is:
You tell your child that this is chocolate and that it is not good for teeth and don’t have it ever.
You just did three things:
Showed him the product called chocolate and created awareness.
The awareness leads to curiosity about the chocolate
Said “don’t eat it” and created a challenge in your child’s mind – let me see what bad will happen if I eat it.
Now somehow he ate it.
Again, you can IGNORE. He might not try it again possibly. But if you scold him. And then sleep. Or go out of the house. Or he goes out of the house. HAHAHA – the chocolate is back between his lips.
So my friends , I know it’s easier said than done but make your effort and let the power of BAD be with you always 🙂

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!!


November, 2017

A SMALL RULE ON WISHES


I am sure all of you have sent and received several messages on Diwali.
A small rule on wishes. You can give only what you have. So when you wish health wealth happiness to someone, make sure you have enough of it yourself.

The world has reduced everything to a Happy something – which is the 1st level of experience of anything. There are deeper levels that exist. If you think of it:

LISTENING IS DEEPER THAN TALKING

THINKING IS DEEPER THAN LISTENING

FEELING IS DEEPER THAN THINKING

And so on… we don’t even know how many layers are there but all will agree that they exist because we have felt them. So here below I present a small story on the festival of Diwali. When you read, you will listen, which you will think of, which you will feel and experience it on many layers.

Once there was a king who had 7 beautiful daughters.

One day, he asked all,

King: Who is it that feeds you?

The first 6 daughters said in praise of the king: It is you father, the greatest king, who feeds us.

Only the 7th daughter said: It is god who feeds us all.

The king got very angry. He married his 6 daughters to handsome rich princes but got the 7th one married to a poor and leprosy inflicted person.

The 7th daughter was very happy in her life however. She told her husband never to come back empty handed when he came back home from work every day.

So each day he would bring some fruit, vegetables, wood etc. back home.

One day he went to the jungle but couldn’t find anything to take back home, but found a dead snake, so he took that with him. When he showed to his wife, she asked him to throw the dead snake on their hut’s rooftop.

Meanwhile, the king of the state where she was married had a wife, who went out bathing one day to the riverside. At the riverside, she kept her expensive diamond necklace on the banks while she bathed.

Suddenly an eagle snooped down and took the necklace with it. She was heartbroken.

The eagle meanwhile realised it is of no use to him and saw the dead snake on the poor 7th daughters huts rooftop , so it snooped down and kept the necklace and took the dead snake which it could eat.

The king meanwhile announced that whoever finds the queens necklace would get a reward he desires.

The 7th daughter asked her husband to take the necklace to the king and whispered in his ear what to ask.

The king was very happy and asked the man: “What do you want?” He said nothing. The king forced him. He again said he wants nothing. The king ordered him: Ask you must, what is that that I as king can do.

He then told the king that his wife has a wish that on Diwali, no one light any diya in the whole town except for their hut. The king thought about it but for his word, said yes to it.

So on Diwali, the whole town was dark (being Amavasya, a no moon night) except for the poor man’s hut where the diya was lit.

So when Goddess Laxmi arrived, she saw that its dark everywhere and so went to the poor man’s hut and knocked on the door.

The 7th daughter, the poor man’s wife, asked: “Who is it ?”

“It’s me, Goddess Laxmi”

Wife: “Why do you need to knock, please come inside”

Goddess Laxmi walks in and is very happy and asked them: “What can I do for you, you are the only ones who lit a diya for me”

The wife said: “Now that you have come, never leave, stay with us”. And with that, she shut the door.

And Laxmi stayed there forever.

And so friends, with this small longish story, I wish you all a very happy Diwali. It is the feeling you invest into mythology that connects us from the material world to our souls. It tells us that with internal grit and determination and planning, even the gods can be captured by overcoming all our obstacles. It is not mere sweet eating and cracker bursting and bhajan singing, it is basically invoking the powers that lie within all of us. To invoke the powers, one needs concentration and for that one needs seclusion from external gimmicks.


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